Last edited by Shasida
Monday, July 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and changes in rail rates on western coal found in the catalog.

impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and changes in rail rates on western coal

John D. Bitzan

impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and changes in rail rates on western coal

by John D. Bitzan

  • 201 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute, North Dakota State University in Fargo, N.D .
Written in English

    Places:
  • West (U.S.),
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • United States. Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990.,
    • Coal -- Transportation -- West (U.S.) -- Econometric models.,
    • Railroads -- Freight -- Rates -- West (U.S.) -- Econometric models.,
    • Coal trade -- West (U.S.) -- Econometric models.,
    • Air -- Pollution -- Law and legislation -- United States.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby John Bitzan, Denver Tolliver, Wayne Linderman.
      SeriesMPC report ;, no. 96-59
      ContributionsTolliver, Denver D., Linderman, Wayne.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHE199.5.C612 U63 1996
      The Physical Object
      Pagination119 p. :
      Number of Pages119
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL633201M
      LC Control Number96621303
      OCLC/WorldCa34635095

      Get this from a library! clean air act: clean air act amendments of [United States.; West Publishing Company.]. Clean Air Act Amendments of P.L. Technical correction to list of hazardous air pollutants P.L. Relatively minor laws amending the Act .

        The amendments to the Clean Air Act were designed to curb four major threats to both the environment and the health of millions of Americans: acid rain, urban smog, toxic air pollution and the hole in the Earth’s ozone layer. 27 years later, we have made massive progress on all four fronts. The Clean Air Act is a piece of United States environmental policy relating to the reduction of smog and air pollution. It follows the Clean Air Act in , the Clean Air Act Amendment in , the Clean Air Act Extension in , and the Clean Air Act Amendments in It was enacted by the st United States Congress.

      The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and, in particular, the Agency's implementation of the Clean Air Act, have been at the center of the Trump administration's regulatory reform agenda. The breadth and scale of proposed changes to Clean Air Act programs make it likely that regulated entities will see changes to their compliance obligations.   The small changes in overall coal consumption are projected to lead to commensurately small changes in expected power sector emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and mercury. The existing control programs enacted as a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of dampen changes in NOx.


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Impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and changes in rail rates on western coal by John D. Bitzan Download PDF EPUB FB2

Due to the Clean Air Act Amendments of (CAAA90), the demand for low sulfur coal is likely to grow significantly in the next several years. The Amendments place strict limitations on the amount of sulfur dioxide that may be emitted by electric utilities.

The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the contents or use thereof. This study examines the impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of (CAAA90) on coal production and coal flows. The CAAA90 take a markedly different approach to pollution control from stationary sources when compared to past `clean air ' legislation.

The U.S. Government assumes no liability for the contents or use thereof. This study examines the impacts of the Clean Air Act Amendments of (CAAA90) on coal production and coal flows.

The CAAA90 take a markedly different approach to pollution control from stationary sources when compared to past `clean air ' legislation.

In a similar study, Busse and Keohane () find evidence of price discrimination for low-sulfur Powder River Basin (PRB) coal following the U.S. Clean Air Act Amendment of.

In June President Bush proposed sweeping revisions to the Clean Air Act. Building on Congressional proposals advanced during the s, the President proposed legislation designed to curb three major threats to the nation's environment and to the health of millions of Americans: acid rain, urban air pollution, and toxic air emissions.

The Clean Air Act Amendments programs are projected to result in a net improvement in U.S. economic growth and the economic welfare of American households. Our central benefits estimate exceeds costs by a factor of more than 30 to one, and the high benefits estimate exceeds costs by 90 times.

Two decades have passed since the Clean Air Act Amendments of launched a grand experiment in market-based environmental policy: the SO2 cap-and-trade system. That system performed well but. Market effects of environmental regulation: coal, railroads, and the Clean Air Act Article (PDF Available) April with 43 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Clean Air Act (CAA), U.S. federal law, passed in and later amended, to prevent air pollution and thereby protect the ozone layer and promote public Clean Air Act (CAA) gave the federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the power it needed to take effective action to fight environmental pollution.

The CAA was expanded from its original set of guidelines, in. The Act required states to enforce the Clean Air Act. More amendments were added to the Act in They were concerned with states that were not achieving national objectives as to auto emissions and measures to prevent air quality deterioration in areas where the air had previously been clean.

The Clean Air Act was last amended in   The Clean Air Act amendments placed additional mandates on EPA, states, and businesses. These included industry-specific requirements for control technologies, new standards for mobile source emissions, and programs to eliminate toxic air pollutants.

37 Another provision required EPA to evaluate benefits and costs of air regulations on the. The Clean Air Act of (42 U.S.C. § ) is a United States federal law designed to control air pollution on a national level. It is one of the United States' first and most influential modern environmental laws, and one of the most comprehensive air quality laws in the world.

As with many other major U.S. federal environmental statutes, it is administered by the U.S. Regulating C02 under the Clean Air Act would only increase uncertainty and risk for American companies at precisely the wrong time.

Andrew Langer is. @article{osti_, title = {Effects of the Clean Air Act Amendments}, author = {Hanson, D A}, abstractNote = {At Argonne National Laboratory, we have a great deal of interest in the coal resource and in Clean Coal Technology, CCT.

We had helped to develop dry scrubbing technology and we are currently active in developing Integrated Gasification.

The Clean Air Act Amendments: Overview, Utility Industry Responses, and Strategic Implications Annual Review of Energy and the Environment Vol. (Volume publication date November ). H.R. (st): Clean Air Act Amendments of at p.m. On Passage of the Bill in the House. This was a vote to pass H.R. (st) in the House.

Totals. All Votes D emocrats R epublicans; Yea 95 % Nay 5 % 21 5. Not Voting. The SO2 requirements led to the expansion of Power River Basin (PRB) coal mines in the western U.S. and the rail transportation system required to bring western coals to the east.

Both, the. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began regulating greenhouse gases (GHGs) under the Clean Air Act ("CAA" or "Act") from mobile and stationary sources of air pollution for the first time on January 2, Standards for mobile sources have been established pursuant to Section of the CAA, and GHGs from stationary sources are.

The Clean Air Act—whose basic structure was established inand then amended in and —is a United States federal law designed to protect human health and the environment from the effects of air pollution.

Under the Clean Air Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to regulate emission of pollutants that. The Clean Air Act,1 last reauthorized and amended by the Congress inprovides for a number of related programs designed to protect health and control air pollution.

The Clean Air Act Amendments of established new programs and made major changes in the ways that air pollution is controlled. The Clean Air Act is a law with a year track record of cutting dangerous pollution to protect human health and the environment.

Administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this legislation has prevented more thanpremature deaths and hundreds of millions of cases of respiratory and cardiovascular disease.detrimental health effects of persistently high concentrations of suspended particulates pollution, and of other air pollutants, Congress passed the Clean Air Act Amendments of The centerpiece of the CAAA was the establishment of separate federal standards, known as the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), for six pollutants.The first Clean Air Act was passed in It was amended first by the Clean Air Act Amendment inthen by the Clean Air Act Extension of (84 Stat.Public Law ).

The extension is sometimes called the "Muskie Act" because of the central role Maine Senator Edmund Muskie played in drafting the content of the bill.